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I have been hoping for video of one of these for ages! It is a pellet bow, rare but found all over the world and especially in south east Asia. It is mostly used for shooting birds. Since it uses elastic force to store and release energy to propel a stone or clay ball, it is a true slingshot.

You twist the handle of the bow in your hand as you draw and this adds enough sideways force to the draw to make the stone miss the bow.

Note the doubled bowstring with the pouch in between like a hammock. There are small wooden separators to keep the bowstrings apart.

http://www.atarn.org/letters/letter_summaries.htm#pellet

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That fellow is quite good with the bow. The speed is amazing and hitting with smooth pebbles from the ground. Take that up a notch with steel or heavier lead projectiles and what a weapon that can be. Like DaveSteve, what is the motion to clear the grip of the bow? Appears to be no cutout aka arrow rest. Good stuff and thanks for sharing.
 

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The ATARN link above describes the action of shooting very well. Flip shooting is older than you probably thought :)

The bow has to be smaller than an arrow shooting bow because the projectile weight is generally much lighter. A larger more powerful bow would be damaged by shooting something so light, the weight of the bow limbs would retain the majority of the kinetic energy at the end of the power stroke and so wreck themselves with powerful vibrations after the bowstring snaps taught.

You could scale it up to shoot bigger ammo, but then bigger targets are more valuable and worth risking an arrow for. The pellet bow is used on small targets where missing and losing an arrow would be unacceptable. A sling delivers much bigger ammo to huge distances, but with rather less accuracy. Good for herding sheep and bombarding armies, less good for hunting.

Some photos of pellet bows in Vietnam, and also the claim that they invented the fork-n-rubber slingshot which was then brought to Europe by the colonial French (doubtful!) : http://www.binhdinh-salongcuong.org/GB_DISCUSSION_%20Medieval%20Weapons_Eighteen%20Sections.html

A Thai pellet bow. This has a carved wooden guard bound in front of the pouch to protect against bow hits. I have seen the same on pellet bows from India. http://web.prm.ox.ac.uk/weapons/index.php/tour-by-region/oceania/asia/arms-and-armour-asia-87 [The direct link doesnt work, so type 'pellet bow' into the search box on the page it takes you to.]

Here is one that shoots TTB 'Through The Bows', there are other pellet bows with hand guards too: http://paleoplanet69529.yuku.com/reply/446434/Re-Interesting-double-pellet-bow
 

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Never heard of that before! Jörg Sprave shows a rubber powered bow in one of his videos that can also fire steel balls but I thought that was just for fun.
 

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So, which member will be the first to present his own slingbow design in the homemade section??? :D
 

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Great video of the fellow with his pellet bow. Wish I was that good with a slingshot!

Pellet firing crossbows were fairly common in Great Britain, Europe, and other countries up to the early 1900s anyway. See the book "The Crossbow" by Sir Ralph Payne-Gallwey. He gives complete plans and construction instructions for building a very nice pellet firing crossbow of considerable power.

Cheers ...... Charles
 

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That is very interesting. That person was fast and good! And just picking up the stones off the ground! Thanks for sharing.
 

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that was amazing
 
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